Monday, June 15, 2015

Max the Hack is Back

Max Holland on Sidney Blumenthal and “Government by Gunplay”

Washington Reloaded  - Mad Max the Highbrow Hack is Back

– Bill Kelly

After Max Holland was given a free press pass to cover the first COPA – Coalition On Political Assassination conference for the Nation, and then totally bashed it, COPA director John Judge told him that whoever is paying him to write such trash could pay his way the next time, and then Holland did the same thing to a conference by the Assassinations Archives Research Center (AARC).

After viciously attacking COPA and the AARC Max is back throwing darts at Clinton advisor Sidney Blumenthal for being a conspiracy buff for editing a serious anthology on the subject of political assassination.

While we should hear more from Blumenthal when he testifies next week before the Get Hilary Congressional Committee investigating the Benghazi attack. As a former presidential advisor, I would like to know what Blumenthal advised the president about political assassinations when Clinton was appointing the Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB).

It would also be interesting to know what Bill Clinton and President Obama discussed when they visited President Kennedy’s grave together on November 20, 2013.

At his Washington Decoded blog Max Holland tries to belittle Clinton advisor Sidney Blumenthal by
calling him “Grassy Knoll Sid” because he once was associated with the Assassination Information Bureau in Boston and co-edited the anthology “Government by Gunplay,” which includes the work of Peter Dale Scott, William Turner, Jeff Gerth, Carl Oglesby, Jerry Policoff, Phil Agee, Robert Groden, L. Fletcher Prouty and Allard Lowenstein, who himself was assassinated.

As Holland acknowledges, that book is “thoughtful, informed and well written” and contributed to the rational for establishing the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA).  But Holland further describes “Government by Gunplay” as “almost indistinguishable from the slew of Soviet disinformation tracts about the assassination published from the 1960s to the 1980s.”

As a source for this claim Holland cites Armand Moss’s book “Disinformation, Misinformation, and the ‘Conspiracy’ to Kill JFK Exposed” (Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1987), though Holland himself has been the source of some of the disinformation about the assassination, especially his piece “The Lie that Ties the CIA to the JFK Assassination” and his book “The JFK Assassination Tapes,” both of which contain easily disputed propaganda and disinformation that muddies the JFK assassination story.

Holland would have you believe all this conspiracy nonsense is Soviet disinformation, but it is more telling if you look at it closely. Most of the sources for Soviet disinformation about the JFK assassination stem back to one man – Vasili Mitrokhin, a former KGB archivist and defector.

Look at what Mitrokhin says is Soviet disinformation - the Dear Mr. Hunt note, KGB financed books by Thomas Buchanan and Mark Lane, the original European news report on PERMINDEX - an alleged CIA front company Clay Shaw was affiliated with, and the idea the assassination was a conspiracy of Texaa oilmen as promoted by French Intelligence in the book Fairwell America.

Mitrokin established his bonafides by dropping a dime on former NSA clerk Robert Lipka, who at his arrangement said he saw NSA documents that identified JFK's true assassin. As he was being led out a reporter asked what the name was and Lipka replied - Luis Angel Castilo.
 [  ]

Mitrokin is himself spawning Soviet disinformation, but it isn't the Soviets we have to worry about when it comes to disinformation, it's our own government.

It was not the Soviets who compromised and derailed the HSCA investigation, it was the CIA, which assigned the same agent who worked closely with the anti-Castro Cuban DRE, with which the accused assassin had contact, to scuttle the HSCA investigation.

It is not Blumenthal who is wrong about JFK’s accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald being described as a government agent or about the peculiar details of the murder at Dealey Plaza. It is Holland who is wrong about Oswald being a deranged loner and for promoting the totally discredited idea that “the Warren Commission was an exhaustive investigation carried to its utmost limits.”

At my request Holland attended my October 2013 Air Force One radio tapes presentation at the Wecht Conference in Pittsburgh [  ]

There I mentioned his book "The JFK Assassination Tapes," which intentionally leaves out significant portions of the tape transcripts. Most notably is the absence of the frequent references to “Liberty Station” – the radio relay center at Collins Radio, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.  These references to “Liberty Station” served as the basis for much of my research on Collins Radio that I have posted and published over the years.

[  / ]

Although not everyone who supports the Warren Commission is a CIA asset or disinformation agent, some can safely be put into the same category as other ostensible journalists whose CIA covers have been blown – Hugh Aynesworth, Priscilla Johnson McMillan and Brian Latell.  As for Holland, he acknowledges receiving financial support from the J. Anthony Lucas Foundation, which replaced the Columbia-Catherwood Award after the Cummins Catherwood’s Foundation was exposed as a CIA conduit for covert action funds by David Wise and Thomas Ross in their book “The Invisible Government.” 

[More on Catherwood - ]

Holland was also affiliated with the Miller Center in Virginia, where Philip Zelikow worked before he became the Executive Director for the 911 Commission despite apparent conflicts of interest, and it was Zelikow who kept key information from the commissioners and out of their final report. The Miller Center is also associated with the Scrips Howard News Service, a convenient outlet for many CIA and NSA “leaks,” including the March 1980 report that “Castro was going to try to kill President Reagan just like he killed JFK.”

[  ]

It is not Soviet disinformation that is keeping the truth about the assassination from being understood, it is the CIA’s major disinformation campaign to blame the assassination on Castro Cuban Commies, the original cover story for the Dealey Plaza operation.  That is also the fallback cover-up position for those, like Holland, once the deranged lone nut scenario is considered untenable, as it clearly has become to most people.

Max and I actually share some common background, both having attended Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, an attribute we also share with Ruth Hyde Paine, Coretta King and Rod Serling.

We also received research  grant support from the Fund for Constitutional Government Investigative Journalism Project, though my $3,000 I stretched out pales in comparison to the six figures he got from the Lucas-CIA and Knopf advance for a promised 600 page narrative history of the Warren Commission that has yet to see print. With such a hefty budget to work with Holland could afford to have a professional transcribe the Air Force One tapes that he selectively used while I transcribed the tapes myself and posted them on line for anyone to use.

[ ]

Another source of Max Holland’s funding for his research, as he himself admits, is the CIA’s Studies in Intelligence Award, as well as the German venetian blind company Hunter-Douglas - now how shady are they?

Max Holland is a highbrow hack who writes what he is paid to write, and he acknowledges who his directors are, which explains why he writes propaganda in such an eloquent and academic style, complete with footnotes.

One of the contributors to the “Government by Gunplay” anthology, Peter Dale Scott, has also responded to Holland’s Washington Decoded blog about Blumenthal.

Peter Dale Scott writes:

Every day, for about twenty years, I have said metta (i.e. wished well) for Max Holland. I do so because of a 19-page review Holland wrote in 1994 of my book Deep Politics and the Death of JFK (Max Holland, “After Thirty Years: Making Sense of the Assassination,” Reviews in American History 22 (1994) 191-209). His “review” was rich in adjectival rebuttal (“bogus,” paranoid,” ”impenetrable”), and closed with a reference to “palpable, cunningly manufactured falsehoods.” It quoted lavishly from many other authors, notably Gerald Posner and Jacob Cohen. But unlike any other review I have ever read in this academic journal, it did not have space in 19 pages for a single quote from my book which he was attacking, let alone a discussion of one.

It has suddenly become relevant again to quote one paragraph of my reply, which for a time was published in the same journal (and is still viewable at

Surely it is gross intellectual cowardice to allege or imply falsehoods without supporting this accusation. One might have thought that in a 19-page attack on my "opaque prose" and "fevered imagination" (p. 191), there would be at least a paragraph dealing with what I had actually written. I can actually find only one dependent clause on the penultimate page, referring to "the fantasy that Kennedy was on the verge of pulling out from South Vietnam" (p. 208). Even this is not very close to what I actually wrote: "that in late 1963 Kennedy had authorized an initial withdrawal of... troops... to be substantially completed by the end of 1965" (Deep Politics, p. 24). I went on to note how "time after time... critics, from Leslie Gelb in the Times to Alexander Cockburn in the Nation, have replaced this verifiable issue of fact by an unverifiable one: whether or not JFK would have pulled the United States out of Vietnam" (pp. 25-26). Holland, a long-time Nation editor, has, you will note, once again resorted to this simple trick of devious substitution.

In the years since, I thought that maybe Holland had changed. His co-edited anthology, The Presidential Recordings: Lyndon B. Johnson: The Kennedy Assassination and the Transfer of Power, was justly characterized by Booklist as ‘a riveting and very important contribution,” one I have made use of myself.
But the old Max is back, with a new adjectival onslaught and accusation of falsehoods. This time his primary target is Sid Blumenthal, Hilary Clinton’s assistant whom he calls ““Grassy Knoll” Sid: Hillary’s Personal Conspiracy Theorist” ( This leads to an attack on Blumenthal’s 1976 co-edited anthology, Government by Gunplay: assassination conspiracy theories from Dallas to today.

Once again, Holland offers a sweeping dismissal without argument. In his words, “The misrepresentations, distortions, and falsehoods that Blumenthal either wrote or associated himself with are so numerous and stupendous they defy listing.”

It is true that this time, in contrast to his 1994 review, the charge of falsehoods is followed by four very brief quotes from the book, the first of which I suspect may be from my own essay there. In Holland’s summary, “Lee Harvey Oswald, ‘supposedly involved’ with the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, was ‘almost certainly a United States intelligence operative.’” (I no longer own the book, but I develop two whole chapters in Deep Politics to substantiating the claim that Oswald was both a government informant and an agent.)

All four of the quotes from the book are claims distasteful to Holland. None can be decisively proven, but by the same token they cannot be decisively disproven; therefore they cannot be considered falsehoods. Most of them, such as the claim that the single-bullet theory is “incredible on its face,” or that the Warren Report was “a whitewash,” would I think elicit more agreement than disagreement among serious students of the case.

I shall continue to say metta for Max Holland – he needs it. But to accuse books of falsehoods without supplying examples is a habit he should get rid of, before someone (it won’t be me) seeks legal remedy.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

June 10 - 12 Historic Events Commemorated

June 10 - June 12 Historic Events Commemorated - Bill Kelly

June 10th and June 12 don't ring many bells as special dates to remember, or days that will live in infamy, but a few people think them worth commemorating at the places where some significant events took place - JFK's "Peace Speech" at American University and Mary's Cafe in Maple Shade, New Jersey, where MLK was radicalized to make civil rights the focus of his ministry.

It was June 10th 1963 when JFK delivered one of the most I'm portent speeches at the American University graduation commencement ceremony, an outdoor affair with the stage set up at the far west end of the football field, where an historic marker is located today.

JFK chose the time and place to make a major foreign policy speech - "A Strategy of Peace" that would be intensely studied by the Soviets and practically ignored by most Americans for many years. Even the audience seemed unmoved and on the short drive back to the White House JFK asked one of his aides - "Do you think they got it?"

The historical marker is where we started meeting at noon every June 10 for many years, beginning around 1992 in response to a request from the Kennedy family to remember JFK for his administration and policies rather than his death, though November 22, 1963 will be forever engraved on his tombstone and that will be the day most people remember him.

The granite historical marker is engraved with parts of the speech, but to get the full effect you need to read the whole thing or key excerpts that we would read at each little memorial ceremony every June 10.

JFK: "I have, therefore, chosen this time and place to discuss a topic on which ignorance too often abounds and the truth too rarely perceived. And that is the most important topic on earth: peace. What kind of peace do I mean and what kind of a peace do we seek? Not a Pax Americana enforced on the world by American weapons of war. Not the peace of the grave or the security of the slave. I am talking about genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living, and the kind that enables men and nations to grow, and to hope, and build a better life for their children – not merely peace for Americans but peace for all men and women, not merely peace in our time but peace in all time."

The reference to a "Pax Americana" was in response to a speech given by Air Force General Curtis LeMay who was a bitter Kennedy foe and wanted to enforce a Pax Americana on the world. 

Commemorating the event started out as one of the events sponsored by the Committee for an Open Archive - a non-profit lobby group co-founded by myself and my old college mate John Judge.

The first one was the best as it featured John Newman, who spoke in a class room for awhile before we went over to the monument.  After taking turns reading parts of the speech and expressing why it's still important in our times, we adjourned for lunch nearby and continued the cultured conversations. Since school now gets out a few weeks earlier, some of us stayed in dorm rooms at the University. 

Then while visiting Dallas Soviet Primier Gorbachev stopped by Dealey Plaza, picked up a copy of Robert Groden's book and then took a tour of the Sixth Floor Museum, where he signed the guest register with a notation referencing the June 10th speech as being an important turning point in the Cold War detente.

Gorbacheve wrote: 

I’ve long been interested in the life of John F. Kennedy. He was certainly a great president of the United States. For us who live in a complicated time of transition of great importance is the vision of John F. Kennedy, his thoughts about peace and about how to live in the world. President Kennedy’s remarks on June 10, 1963 at American University are of even greater importance today than then. Thirty five years ago he already saw what we have come to understand only now. The best memory of this man would be to understand his deeds and thoughts and to translate them in policies and more importance in the life of nations. He looked far ahead and he wanted to change a great deal. Perhaps it is this that is the key to the mystery of the death of President John Kennedy.”

Signed The President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev - October 12, 1998

Some writers and historians even say that the speech was one of the reasons JFK was killed.

John Judge at Historic Marker at American University 

American University is also where John Judge and Col. Fletcher Prouty were featured on a Diane Reame PBS radio talk show that got us a lot of national attention, and was where Judge was a member of a panel of speakers at a small conference on the subject of the movie JFK and movies and politics that was carried nationally by CSPAN. 

While I haven't been there on June 10 in a couple of years, others have continued the tradition, including North Carolina documentary  film maker Randy Benson, who has recorded some of the proceedings that are included in his film on researchers "The Searchers."

And I am sure there will be some people who will stop by the historic marker at American University today and into the futur

MLK at Mary's Cafe 

Two days later - June 12 - and thirteen years earlier - in 1950, divinity student Michael King, Jr. - before he became known as Martin, was driving around with a fellow student and their dates - when they decided to stop for a drink at a road side cafe - Mary's Place - on the clover leaf exit ramp off Rr. 73 and Camden Road in quiet, residential neighborhood of Maple Shade, New Jersey.

The bartender and proprietor Ernest Nichols, a tough German immigrant, refused to serve them, and when they protested he used profanity and fired a gun in the air.

King and company left but went to the police and filed a formal complaint and had Nichols arrested.

On the complaint King and his friend listed their address as 753 Walnut St., Camden, N.J., while the girls with them listed a West Philadelphia address.

Although King obtained the assistance of the Camden NAACP, Nichols got a local attorney who filed a legal brief for Nichols, claiming it wasn't a matter of civil rights or color, but it was after hours when liquor couldn't be sold. 

The case was officially dismissed when four other customers who were called as witnesses - one report says one was a black man and three white Philadelphia college students either failed to appear or refused to testify.

Then all was forgotten until after Michael King became Martin Luther King - icon of the civil rights movement that was changing America and its traditional ways of doing things. When King was called to testify before Congress, a Senator asked him why he made civil rights the major theme of his ministry and King referred to the incident at Mary's Cafe.

Nichols' lawyer later wrote an article about it for the Burlington County Times reflecting on the significance of the incident not only King's life but that of our nation.

When the lawyer died his obituary mentioned the incident at Mary's Place and the attorney's role in it, which caught my attention because I knew of no biography of King that even mentions it, though I have since learned of one. 

One day I drove to the location and found Mary's Place still there, though closed. A sign reported the new owners - the NJ Dept. of lTransportation had plans to demolish it. I took some and looked inside - the bar stools and chairs were upside down and it looked like it had been operating recently as the Morristown Pub.

I then wrote a blog post about it at my White Deer Cafe blog, which got two responses - one from a Philadelphia lawyer - David  Larson, who may have contacted the NJ DOT in an attempt to preserve the building, but they didn't want to hear about it, and the other from Patrick Duff, who first learned of the incident in an archived article "The Bar that Started a Crusade." 

But by the time Duff learned about it the building had been demolished, though Duff has since picked up the ball and has been running with it. Duff obtained a copy of the official complaint from Maple Shade officials that has King's Camden address on it and he paved the way for an historic marker to be placed at the Mary's Place Cafe site, as well as the assistance of a local architectural firm to redesign the area with park benches.

Duff also found news clips that indicate Nichols applied for a liquor license after the incident occurred, indicating he may have been selling liquor illegally without a license when King was there, and he found that Nichols went on to own another bar - Ernie's in Riverside. 

A Philadelphia Tribune news account of the incident reported that one of the women with King was a Philadelphia police officer, and the other was a social worker. 

After meeting with a few reporters and bloggers at the Mary's Place Cafe site on MLK Day in January 2015, Duff shared the official complaint report with the Camden address, - 753 Walnut Street, which I pumped into my phone's GPS map and headed for that location, deep in the rubble of the South Camden ghetto.

There I found the house still standing, part of a side by side duplex that was boarded up, littered with junk  and covered with graffiti, but still solid and restorable.

Duff located the owner and she acknowledged King lived there for about two years when he was a divinity students and she clearly recalled King. She also agreed to allow the house to be restored as a museum and the architects firm agreed to do the necessary design work to have it restored to what it looked like in 1950 when King was there.

But there are still many questions, including what became of the women who accompanied King and are they still alive to give a first hand report of what actually occurred? 

There's also the question of who was Mary? And what became of her?

And how did all of this escape the attention of the historians and biographers who have detailed King's life and death so thoroughly?

We hear all about MLK in Birmingham, Selma and Memphis but there's nothing in the history books or movies about MLK in Camden or at Mary's Cafe (with one exception), where he was radicalized and inspired to champion civil rights as his cause.

Patrick Duff is planing on being at the site of Mary's Cafe at 12:30 pm this Friday, June 12, hold a moment of silence and then hold a press conference to give an update and make some important announcements.

Stay tuned. 

Wednesday, June 3, 2015

Disinformation at Dealey Plaza

Disinformation at Dealey Plaza

In his recent article - A Cruel and Shocking Misinterpretation - [  /  ]     House Select Committee on Assassinations investigator Dan Hardway uses the word “disinformation” to describe what they were questioning CIA officer David Atlee Phillips about when Hardway says- “Initially, the CIA was cooperating....(it was) when we started pushing on investigating the disinformation efforts after the assassination, and realizing that I could tie just about every single disinformation effort directly back to David Attle Phillips that George Joannides got involved.” 

Disinformation is defined as "false or misleading information that is put out by a government or an intelligence agency to influence public opinion" – so if it doesn't stem from a national government intelligence agency then it isn't disinformation.

The specific disinformation efforts Hardway is referring to are the failed attempts to blame what happened at Dealey Plaza on Castro Cuban Communists – dozens of easily charted case studies that are of a very specific type of disinformation known as “Black propaganda,”-  a type specifically defined by the CIA's Paul Linebarger, the former US Army officer and author of the standard textbook "Propaganda."

Any study of psychological warfare and disinformation would have to include the work of Paul Linebarger, a professor at the School for Advanced International Studies at John Hopkins University, who also taught the black arts of propaganda and psychological warfare operations to CIA agents, and among his best students were E. Howard Hunt, Ed Lansdale and David Atlee Phillips.

According to Linebarger, “Psychological warfare consists of the application of parts of the science called psychology to the conduct of war; psychological warfare comprises the use of propaganda against the enemy, together with such military operational measures as may supplement the propaganda. Propaganda may be described in turn, as organized persuasion by non-violent means. War itself may be considered to be, among other things, a violent form of persuasion. War is waged against the minds, not the bodies of the enemy.”

“Specifically defined,” says Linebarger, “propaganda consists of the planned use of any form of public or mass produced communication designed to affect the minds and emotions of a given group for a specific public purpose, whether military, economic or political. Military propaganda consists of the planned use of any form of communications designed to affect the minds and emotions of a given enemy, neutral or friendly foreign group for a specific strategic or tactical purpose.”

Linebarger warned his students not to use such techniques against Americans. “I hate to think what would ever happen,” he once said with a prophet’s voice, “if any of you ever got out of this business and got involved in U.S. politics. These kinds of dirty tricks must never be used in internal U.S. politics. The whole system would come apart.” Well, they were used and are being used today, and the whole system did come apart.

Note that if the communication is not planned, it cannot be called propaganda, and if it does not originate from an intelligence agent, agency, service or network, it is not disinformation, as it is classically defined: Deliberately misleading information announced publicly or leaked by a government or especially by an intelligence agency in order to influence public opinion or the government in another nation.
Some of the information that real disinformation agents dish out is classified as “black.”

 According to Ladislas Farago such, “Black Propaganda is a fundamental intelligence operation,…because it never identifies its real source and pretends to originate within or close to the enemy.”

Not one or two but over two dozen examples can be given – the most recent by Phil Sheon in his book “A Cruel and Shocking Act.”

List of over two dozen case studies of the Black Prop Op at Dealey Plaza:

These are the “fingerprints of intelligence” that Sen. Richard Schweiker (R. Pa.) referred to in describing what he learned about the assassination of President Kennedy while serving on the Church Intelligence Committee, the records of which are still sealed to this day.

Two new and important books by Peter Dale Scott (Deep Politics III) and John Newman's “Where Angels Tread Lightly” refer specifically to the black propaganda efforts to blame the assassination on Castro.

Peter Dale Scott:

“In the days after the murders in Dallas, the U.S. Was flooded with dubious stories, most of them swiftly discredited, linking Oswald to either a Cuban or Soviet conspiracy. Those which most preoccupied the FBI and CIA all came out of Mexico. These stories exhibited certain common characteristics.  -  They all came from either directly from an intelligence source, or from someone in the hands of an intelligence agency  -  The Stories changed over time, to support either a pro-conspiratorial hypothesis (“Phase One”) or a rebuttal of this (“Phase Two”).-  The Warren Commission was led to believe that the“Phase One”stories were without basis. In fact a number of unresolved anomalies suggest that behind them was some deeper truth, still not revealed.- In retrospect, these stories should not have been taken seriously. In fact the CIA was able to rely on them, not as a source of truth, but as a source of coercive influence over the rest of the government. It will help us to understand what was going on if we refer to the stories, not as 'information' or even as 'allegations,' but as MANAGED STORIES. To say this leaves open the question of who were the ultimate managers?”

Scott: “I do wish to argue that these managed stories, fleeting and insubstantial though they are, were of central importance in determining the outcome of the Kennedy assassination investigation. In succeeding years, furthermore, the discredited 'Phase-One' stories have been revived to manipulate public opinion, even after the CIA and FBI had agreed on a 'Phase-Two' interpretation of Oswald's movements in Mexico City. In 2013, for example, the discredited Garro story of the twist party was revived in a mainstream book by Philip Shenon.”

Newman: “The plot to assassinate President Kennedy was designed to deceive both people in the government and the public at large.  A convincing trail of evidence was established to make it appear that the Kennedy brothers’ plan to overthrow Castro had been turned around and used against them by Fidel himself, resulting in the assassination of President Kennedy."

“There is an unstated corollary principal in the game of deception that Allen Dulles was kind enough to give us.  Once a “single piece” of a black operation has been compromised, the entire fabric of that operation can potentially unravel.”

You can't understand what happened at Dealey Plaza unless you understand the fundamentals of psychological warfare, disinformation and black propaganda – because that's the part of the Dealey Plaza operational plan that failed, that failed in its contention that Castro Cuban Communists were responsible for the assassination, and because it failed it gives us a good glimpse into the Looking Glass and brings us very close to those who designed the plan, especially the part that failed.

Allen Dulles brought a book with him to the first meeting of the Warren Commission, Donovan's American Assassins, in which the author of PT109 designates most American assassins as looney loners. Instead, he should have shared his own book, "The Crafts of Intelligence," in which he recommends Sun Tzu's "The Art of War," in which the five types of secret agents - Native, Inside, Doubled, Expendable and Living Agents. When all of these agents are work together it is called the "Divine Skein," with a skein being a closely knit net and the Divine Skein a network of spies and the "treasure of the sovereign."

Those who were especially selected by the CIA were trained in psychological warfare by Linebarger, who besides using his own text "Propaganda," also used as a text book David Maurer's "The Big Con," the book that the movie "The Sting" was based on.

Linebarger notes that "security is designed to keep useful information from reaching the enemy, while propaganda operations are designed to get information to him. The term propaganda stems from the name of the department of the Vatican which had the duty of propagating the faith. And Black Propaganda must clearly be labeled as an act of the enemy"

In his book on propaganda Linebarger says that such disinformation, by its very nature, can be identified as such and traced back to its source, using his formula for doing so. Therefore, the real disinformation and propaganda on the assassination can be traced back to its source, which should be very close to those who were actually responsible for the assassination.

Linebarger developed the STASM formula for spot analysis, in which propaganda can be distinguished by the consideration of five elements:

1. Source
2. Time
3. Audience
4. Subject
5. Mission.

According to Linebarger, “This formula works best in the treatment of monitored materials of which the source is known. First point to note is the character of the source — the true source (who really got it out?), the ostensible source (whose name is signed to it?); also the first use source (who used it the first time?) and the second source (who claims merely to be using it as a quotation?). It is soon evident that the mere attribution of source is a job of high magnitude.”

It is apparent that the roots to many of the black propaganda operations related to Dealey Plaza, especially those that try to falsely implicate Castro in the assassination, stem back to David Atlee Phillips, another one of Linebarger’s protégés.

At the time of the assassination, David Phillips was working for the CIA in Mexico City, responsible for monitoring the Cuban and Russian embassies there, as well as keeping tabs on the activities of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC) “in the hemisphere.” In August, 1963, the New Orleans representative of the FPCC, Lee Harvey Oswald, was seen with Phillips, aka “Maurice Bishop,” in the lobby of a Dallas office building, and shortly thereafter Oswald went on his mission to Mexico City.

In the immediate aftermath of the assassination, Phillips interrogated a Nicaraguan intelligence agent who said that he had seen Oswald with Cuban Communists in Mexico City, and though Phillips knew this information was wrong, he promoted it within CIA as plausibly possible, and tried to get other Cubans to confirm Oswald’s false Communist associations.

One of these is from conversations which David Phillips had with Kevin Walsh, a former HSCA staffer who went on to work as a private detective in Washington, DC In a conversation not long before his death, Phillips remarked: "My private opinion is that JFK was done in by a conspiracy, likely including American intelligence officers." - David Atlee Phillips, July 1986.

I was one of the two case officers who handled Lee Harvey Oswald. After working to establish his Marxist bona fides, we gave him the mission of killing Fidel Castro in Cuba. I helped him when he came to Mexico City to obtain a visa, and when he returned to Dallas to wait for it I saw him twice there. We rehearsed the plan many times: In Havana Oswald was to assassinate Castro with a sniper's rifle from the upper floor window of a building on the route where Castro often drove in an open jeep. Whether Oswald was a double-agent or a psycho I'm not sure, and I don't know why he killed Kennedy. But I do know he used precisely the plan we had devised against Castro. Thus the CIA did not anticipate the President's assassination but it was responsible for it. I share that guilt.”

So the precise plan they had devised against Castro was “to assassinate Castro with a sniper’s rifle from the upper floor window of a building on the route where Castro often drove in an open jeep.”

Among these plans we have records of Pathfinder, which we learned from the NPIC staff at JMWAVE where the Patherfinder records were intentionally misfiled, and the so-called Hemingway plot, in which Castro was known to visit Hemingway’s house in Cuba, providing an opportunity to shoot him.

Both cases were probably part of the attempt to adapt the Valkyrie plan for the German military to eliminate Hitler and take over Nazi Germany in July 1944, a plot that used a bomb but failed.

The aspect of the Valkyrie plan that was used at Dealey Plaza was the psychwar disinformation ploy to blame the murder of Hitler on the SS and Gestapo, while the plan adapted for use at Dealey Plaza framed Oswald as the designated patsy and attempted to blame the Dealey Plaza ambush on Castro Cuban Communists.